After surviving Ebola, Liberian icon dies giving birth

In November 2014, Salome Karwah of Liberia graced the cover of Time magazine as a symbol of strength and humanity after surviving Ebola and using her experience to help others with the virus.

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But last month, Karwah died shortly after giving birth to her fourth child – and her husband blames the stigma attached to Ebola.

“My wife died because she was not catered to by nurses and doctors. The reason, I believe, is because she is an Ebola survivor,” James Harris said.

“I am saying this because I heard some nurses telling friends not to go near my wife because she is a survivor.”

The outbreak of Ebola in West Africa starting in 2013, which hit Liberia the hardest, infected nearly 29,000 people by conservative estimates, killing more than a third.

Karwah worked as a counsellor for Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) after recovering from Ebola in the summer of 2014, helping others to cope with the psychological toll of the hemorrhagic fever.

One evening in February, Harris said, his wife was admitted to hospital in the capital, Monrovia, where she gave birth by caesarian section.

She returned home just two days later, telling her husband that some of the nurses refused to touch her.

James Harris, the widower of Salome Kwarwah and his children.AAP

‘She did not deserve this’

Complications soon developed, and Harris rushed to hospital seeking help. His concerns were dismissed by one doctor, and he was told to go to a pharmacy to buy an injection for his wife.

The medication was nowhere to be found, however, and Karwah was dead shortly afterwards.

“My wife was an Ebola survivor. She contracted the virus during the outbreak and she recovered,” Harris said, bouncing the healthy new baby on his knee.

“She saved lives, she held babies who had Ebola, and she helped them to get better. She did not deserve this kind of treatment.” 

Karwah lost her parents, brother, aunts, uncles, cousins and a niece to Ebola, according to ‘Time’.

In an article for ‘The Guardian’ in October 2014, Karwah wrote of the Ebola survivors she helped: “I help them with all my might because I understand the experience – I’ve been through the very same thing.”

Her photograph was chosen for the cover of Time when those fighting the Ebola outbreak were named person of the year.

The hospital has refused to comment on her death, but Liberia’s chief medical officer, Francis Kateh, told AFP that the authorities were investigating the case.

Karwah’s brother, Reginald Karwah, said her body was tested for Ebola and the result came back negative.

Many Ebola survivors continue to suffer high levels of shame and discrimination, which has been exacerbated by findings that the virus can stay in certain parts of the body for at least nine months after a patient has recovered.

Liberia also has some of the world’s highest maternal mortality rates, according to the United Nations.

The UN’s Population Fund has said that access to life-saving care has deteriorated since the Ebola outbreak because of the strain it has inflicted on the country’s fragile health system.

Smith, Kohli swap barbs in Bangalore

Tensions bubbled over early on day two of the second cricket Test in Bangalore, where opposing skippers Steve Smith and Virat Kohli were involved in several heated verbal clashes.

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Batsman Smith and fielding skipper Kohli repeatedly swapped barbs throughout Sunday morning – even at the drinks break when they were separated by a couple of metres.

Michael Clarke suggested it was a clear attempt from India captain Kohli to unsettle his Australian counterpart following the home team’s unexpected struggles early in the four-Test series.

“Virat Kohli and Steve Smith are going at it. Between overs Virat was into Steve Smith. It looks like Smith is going back as well,” former Australia skipper Clarke said on Star Sports.

“It’s the pressure here, it might be getting to both teams.

“Smith has made a lot of runs in the last 12 months … I can’t recall anybody getting under his skin or saying a word to him.

“Virat (has decided) … we’re not going to sit here and allow Steve Smith to play his game. I want to try and stir him up and get something out of the Australian captain.”

Smith dug in for 52 deliveries but finally fell on eight, triggering wild celebrations from Kohli and his teammates.

Smith scored arguably the best century of his Test career in Pune then declared India were “under a bit of pressure” following Australia’s shock 333-run first Test win.

Kohli’s response was terse.

“Does it look like it (India are under pressure)? I’m pretty relaxed. I’m happy. I’m smiling. It’s fine – his views and whatever he wants to say,” he snapped.

“I know these mind games.”

The talented batsmen have a history of on-field spats.

Kohli was fined for remonstrating with Smith during a 2014 Test at Adelaide Oval, while Smith took exception to a send-off at the same venue during a Twenty20 in 2016.

Things first became heated in the 22nd over on Sunday, when umpire Nigel Llong was forced to play peacemaker during an incident involving Smith, Kohli, Ravichandran Ashwin and Matt Renshaw.

Ashwin, pumped up after clean bowling David Warner with a cracking offbreak, was furious Smith scored a single off his first delivery.

The offspinner raged at Renshaw, who was standing at the non-striker’s end, for blocking his path to the ball. Kohli also gave the 20-year-old opener a spray.

Those words prompted Smith to become involved, at which point Long attempted to intervene.

Smith and Ashwin, who are teammates at Indian Premier League franchise Pune, swapped a few more barbs before calm was temporarily restored.

“Renshaw at the age of 20, he won’t back down at all. He’s got the right to stand there and hold his ground,” Brett Lee said on Star.

“A bit of niggle there and that’s healthy.”

Llong had a long chat with Kohli at the end of that over, presumably asking him to ensure there was no repeat.

China pledges to make skies blue again

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang has pledged to make the country’s smoggy skies blue again and “work faster” to address pollution caused by the burning of coal for heat and electricity.

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His words to delegates at the opening of the annual National People’s Congress on Sunday highlight how public discontent has made reducing smog, the most visible of China’s environment problems, a priority for the leadership.

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The 10-day event got underway under a sunny blue sky, thanks to heavy gusts from the north that cleared away the unhealthy gray from the day before.

Protests have increasingly broken out in cities where residents oppose the building of chemical plants and garbage incinerators, as China’s middle class grows increasingly vocal in awareness of the dangers of pollution.

In a report to China’s ceremonial legislature, Li said that “people are desperately hoping for” faster progress to improve air quality.

“We will make our skies blue again,” he declared to almost 3,000 delegates in the Great Hall of the People.

He said the government intends over the next year to step up work to upgrade coal-fired power plants to achieve ultra-low emissions and energy conservation, and prioritise the integration of renewable energy sources into the electricity grid.

Integration problems have arisen because China has added wind and solar power at a faster rate than the grid has expanded.

That capacity is then wasted when grid operators choose to use traditional energy sources, including coal, over renewables.

Despite China’s lingering dependence on coal plants, its consumption of the energy source fell in 2016 for a third year in a row. Coal now makes up 62 per cent of China’s total energy consumption mix.

Building on publicly available real-time and hourly readings from coal plants and other factories, Li said: “All key sources of industrial pollution will be placed under round-the-clock online monitoring.”

Environmental groups welcome the disclosure of such data because it allows the public to directly supervise the emissions of plants in their areas.

Lauri Myllyvirta, senior coal campaigner for Greenpeace, said they had expected the government to announce a speeding up of measures because air pollution is supposed to hit targets this year that were laid down in 2013.

They include a 25-per cent reduction in the density of fine particulate matter – a gauge of air pollution – in Beijing and the surrounding region from 2012 levels.

“It will require very dramatic steps to achieve those targets for this year,” Myllyvirta said.

Li also said the government would ramp up efforts to deal with vehicle emissions by working faster to take old vehicles off the roads and encourage the use of clean-energy cars.

Environmental laws and regulations would be strictly enforced and officials who failed to do so would be held “fully accountable,” he said, without giving details. Local officials have often been lax at enforcing regulations on companies that contribute to economic growth in their areas.

Frosty red-hot on Supercars race wins

Mark Winterbottom admits he’s running out of time to avoid a career Supercars low.

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The 2015 series winner is running sixth in the championship and while that’s not ideal, it’s not what’s bugging him the most about this year’s campaign.

It’s the lack of podium time.

Winterbottom heads to Sydney Motorsport Park this weekend with a best effort this year of second place in the Sunday race on Phillip Island.

And that’s just not good enough.

“I want race wins,” he told Fox Sports.

“I haven’t been through a season without having a race win. That’s the priority.”

Not since joining Ford Performance Racing in 2006 has ‘Frosty’ failed to spray champagne from the top step on the dias at least once in a year.

With 10 races to go in the season, Winterbottom needs help from his engineers to make it happen.

The No.5 Falcon has struggled to avoid technical issues through the opening rounds, leaving insufficient time for fine tuning.

“I initially had braking issues,” Winterbottom said.

“All our first three or four rounds, our setups meant nothing. Because all I had was inside locking – the red light was on – scorching tyres.

“You get told it’s the tyre but then you find the brake and it’s not the tyre. It’s always something.

“When the car’s hooked up, its very very quick. When you get it wrong it spits you out very quickly.”

The emergence of DJR Team Penske and the return to form of stablemate Chaz Mostert has Winterbottom in the unheard-of position of the fourth best Falcon in the Supercars grid.

It’s not a position he’s used to but one he thinks he can improve before season’s end.

“Other guys are damn quick at the moment. The 17 with Scotty McLaughlin is very fast,” he said.

“The dream of catching him is not what you’re looking at.

“I’m not looking at the championship. I need a car that is going to do what I want it to do, week in, week out.

“That’s been the hardest thing this year. Even (co-driver) Dean Canto has been hopping out saying ‘what are you giving me?’

“We need to come up with something pretty quick, have a weekend and have a good endurance campaign.

“I know when it all clicks we’ll win races.”

Bulldogs to push AFL into MRP changes

Western Bulldogs will urge the AFL to remove the rigid classification of on-field offences by its match review panel (MRP) after being stung by Jack Redpath’s three-game ban.

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Bulldogs president Peter Gordon has criticised the matrix system of review, which classifies incidents by conduct (intentional/careless), impact (severe to low) and contact (high/groin or body).

Gordon, who has a background in law, wants the system to be replaced with legal experts — rather than former players — reviewing incidents.

“What I think we need are some judicial officers with common sense and experience in football who can look at it and make a decision based generally on the facts,” Gordon told SEN radio on Thursday.

“Not in accordance with some pre-imposed paradigm about gradings of intent and gradings of impact.

“There’s been an inappropriate focus on trying to achieve that sort of consistency, like codifying or grading levels of intent and levels of impact.

“No degree of intent is ever 100 per cent the same as another and no degree of impact is ever the same.”

The MRP comprises former players Jimmy Bartel, Michael Jamison, Michael Christian, Nathan Burke and Jason Johnson.

The AFL tribunal suspended Redpath for three matches on Tuesday after the key forward was charged with striking Greater Western Sydney’s Phil Davis during the Giants’ 48-point win on Friday night.

He could have accepted a two-game ban with an early plea.

Redpath’s legal team argued his open-handed blow was a push and careless, not intentional, and to Davis’s upper chest rather than his neck.

Gordon insisted he wanted to see more protection for players, praising the league for cracking down on sling tackles and high contact.

But he expressed concern penalties were sometimes too harsh.

“We will at the end of the season be communicating with the AFL about our concerns,” he said.

A number of issues have put the MRP in the spotlight this season, with critics claiming inconsistencies in rulings around punches.

At least 37 die in prison riot in southern Venezuela: governor

The prosecutors’ office said an investigation had been launched into “the deaths of 37 people” in the facility in the town of Puerto Ayacucho.

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Governor Liborio Guarulla had earlier tweeted that a “massacre” took place with at least 35 corpses counted.

Prosecutors said 14 officials were wounded in the violence, but did not say if any were among the dead.

Two prison-monitoring groups, A Window to Freedom and the Venezuelan Prisons Observatory, said the 37 killed were all inmates.

“This is the worst riot we’ve had in a detention facility,” Carlos Nieto of A Window to Freedom told AFP.

“In this one, detainees are only supposed to be held for up to 48 hours, but there were prisoners who have been there for years,” he said.

The jail was holding 105 prisoners at the time of the riot, Guarulla said.

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It comes as Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro paid tribute to the late leftist icon Fidel Castro during a surprise visit to Cuba, state media reported Wednesday.

The daily Granma said Maduro traveled Tuesday to Castro’s tomb in Santiago de Cuba.

Maduro was accompanied by his wife Cilia Flores, Cuban President Raul Castro — Fidel’s brother — and Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez, according to the newspaper.

“On the 91th birthday of the Commander in Chief a tribute by the president of Venezuela was appropriate for someone who always stood by the Bolivarian revolution,” the newspaper said.

Fidel Castro, born on August 13, 1926, died in November 2016. His remains are buried at the Santa Ifigenia cemetery in Santiago de Cuba, some 960 kilometers east of Havana.

Venezuela is Cuba’s most important economic and political ally, and Havana has offered strong support for Maduro’s embattled leftist regime.

UN calls for solution to crisis

UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres urged the Venezuelan government and opposition on Wednesday to re-start negotiations, calling for a brokered solution to the country’s economic and political crisis.

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro has ordered the army to conduct a round of military drills later this month in response to US President Donald Trump’s threat of military action in the crisis-stricken nation.

The oil-exporting South American country has been plunged into economic chaos and rocked by angry street protests from opponents demanding Maduro’s removal. Nearly 130 people have died in recent months of unrest.

“Venezuela needs a political solution based on dialogue and compromise between the government and the opposition,” Guterres told reporters at UN headquarters, backing international and regional efforts to advance talks.

“I strongly support those efforts. I’ve been in close contact with all of them, and I urge the government and the opposition to restart negotiations because I believe that only solution is a political solution.”

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Trump said last week that he was considering a range of scenarios for Venezuela and was “not going to rule out a military option.” Russia on Wednesday called any threats against Venezuela “unacceptable.”

Trump’s apparent threat was also roundly condemned across Latin America, even by states opposed to the socialist Maduro.

“Latin America has successfully managed to get rid of both foreign intervention and authoritarianism, and this is a lesson that is very important to make sure that this legacy is safeguarded,” said Guterres.

What’s ‘app’ with Australia’s ghost buses?

Ever been at a bus stop tracking your bus on a mobile app only to see it disappear rather than arrive?

The developer of real-time travel application TripView thinks he knows what’s happening with these so-called “ghost buses”.

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Most transport apps use GPS data to track buses as they travel along their route.

The system relies on both a device in the bus and real-time information from customers tapping on and off with their travel cards.

Regular bus timetable information and a log of when drivers sign on at work also helps determine the location of buses and when they should arrive.

Collectively this data – in NSW – is the Public Transport Information and Priority System.

The PTIPS data – provided by Transport for NSW – is estimated to be 99 per cent accurate for arrival times, a spokeswoman told AAP.

But sometimes things go awry.

If GPS data isn’t available – for whatever reason – some travel apps revert to using old-school timetable information. Hence you may see a bus approaching when it doesn’t actually exist.

It may have been cancelled or the bus itself switched off when the driver takes a break, for example.

Similarly, if travel-card consoles aren’t working. apps may again switch to showing estimated arrival times.

“From a TripView perspective, a bus should only disappear from the map if there is no longer GPS data for that bus on Transport’s real-time data feed,” TripView developer Nick Maher told AAP.

“I sometimes receive reports of this where it turns out that the bus in question wasn’t providing any real-time data. In this case, TripView would have just been showing the scheduled time.”

A Transport for NSW spokeswoman acknowledged some external apps don’t always use PTIPS data.

“At times they may apply their own logic to interpret (PTIPS) data … which can in turn cause inconsistencies in tracking information,” she told AAP.

Morrison summons ‘better angels’ over NDIS

The Turnbull government has appealed to Labor’s “better angels” to change the party’s position on hiking the Medicare levy to fund the national disability insurance scheme.

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Treasurer Scott Morrison, introducing legislation to parliament on Thursday, called on the opposition to rise above the day-to-day morass of political debate and consider the long-term benefit of the measure.

However negotiations with the Senate crossbenchers have given the government confidence it can get the legislation through.

Labor supports the 0.5 per cent rise but only for people with incomes over $87,000.

Mr Morrison said the package of bills was built on the idea of mateship, inspired by his brother-in-law Gary Warren’s battle with multiple sclerosis.

“There must be no more playing politics with disability,” he told parliament.

“I’m not a fan of increasing levies … but I am a fan of sticking up for your mates, I am a fan of supporting Australians living with a disability.”

He suggested Labor had let down former prime minister Julia Gillard, who introduced the scheme to parliament in 2012.

“I pray that they change their view,” Mr Morrison said.

“I would hope that the better angels of the opposition would prevail when it comes to considering this bill and that they will put Australians living with a disability and their families first.”

Opposition Leader Bill Shorten again accused the government of holding the NDIS hostage.

“There is more than one way to fund the functions of government,” he told reporters in Canberra.

“It is horribly wrong of the government to hold the NDIS hostage and say that the only way the NDIS can be funded is through increasing taxes on people who earn $50,000 and $60,000 a year.”

If Labor remains opposed, the government will face a hurdle in getting it through the Senate.

Independent senator Jacqui Lambie says she’s still talking with Mr Morrison about the income level at which a rise from two per cent to 2.5 will kick in.

“I want the NDIS and I have no problem with the 0.5 per cent, it’s at where do we start,” she told ABC radio on Thursday.

Senator Lambie also doesn’t like the government’s position of having those earning $28,000 a year paying an extra $75 but she believes Labor preferred threshold is too high.

Greens MP Adam Bandt said reports Mr Morrison was confident a deal was imminent was news to the minor party.

“The Medicare levy and any proposed deal haven’t been the subject of discussion in our party room,” he told reporters in Canberra.

Coles earnings slip, Wesfarmers profit up

Coles’ earnings have fallen for the first time since its acquisition by Wesfarmers nine years ago, as its sales growth slowed further amid stiff competition.

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Results released on Thursday show the supermarket chain’s comparable food and liquor sales, a crucial measure of revenue growth, rose one per cent in 2016/17 – a significant slowdown from 4.1 per cent growth a year ago.

Coles’ earnings before interest and tax decreased 13.5 per cent to $1.61 billion – the first earnings decline since Wesfarmers acquired the business in 2008.

The decline was expected by analysts as rival Woolworths’ recent multi-billion dollar spend on lowering prices has seen its like-for-like food sales growth outpace that of Coles.

Wesfarmers warned that Coles’ sales and profitability will continue to come under pressure in the 2018 financial year.

“In a very competitive environment, sales and margin pressures in Coles are expected to persist,” the conglomerate said as it released its full-year results.

“Within this environment, Coles will focus on plans to further enhance the quality of its fresh offer, and improve merchandising and availability, while continuing to drive operational efficiencies to support investments in value and service.”

Wesfarmers chief executive Richard Goyder said he expects Coles will return to earnings growth over the long term.

Wesfarmers’ full-year profit of $2.87 billion, which largely met market expectations, was helped by strong earnings from its hardware business Bunnings.

Bunnings’ Australia and New Zealand earnings jumped 10 per cent to $1.33 billion.

However, the group’s UK and Ireland hardware business reported an $89 million loss in its first full financial year since the acquisition of UK chain Homebase.

Kmart’s earnings increased 17.7 per cent to $553 million on revenue growth of 7.5 per cent, while Target trimmed its pre-tax loss from $195 million to $10 million.

Officeworks also reported improved earnings of $144 million, up 7.5 per cent and a lift in coal prices helped boost Wesfarmers’ coal mine earnings.

Wesfarmers’ statement to the ASX said the group remains “generally optimistic” in its retail businesses’ outlook with ongoing improvements in merchandising expected to drive earnings growth.

Shares in Wesfarmers were up 92 cents, or 2.2 per cent, at $42.67 by 1033 AEST.

WESFARMERS PROFIT AT A GLANCE:

* Net profit up 22pct to $2.87b

* Revenue up 3.7pct $68.4b

* Final dividend, fully franked, $1.20 a share, up 35 cents

Swans an ultimate AFL test for Crows: Pyke

Adelaide coach Don Pyke knows his AFL pacesetters have come a long way.

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But just how far, he says, will be revealed by Sydney in Friday night’s AFL heavyweight stoush at Adelaide Oval.

The bout has been a painful wait for Pyke and his Crows, who still smart from their last meeting against the Swans — a semi-final six-goal loss last year.

Sydney exposed weaknesses which Pyke went about fixing — being stronger at contested ball, implementing Swans-like military-precise defence.

Pyke’s tweaks have worked: the Crows, six points clear in top spot, are assured an initial home final.

But they haven’t yet played Sydney.

“It’s a good chance to see the areas (where) we think we have improved on against a high-quality opponent,” Pyke said.

“That was a disappointing way to end our season last year.

“And we get a chance on Friday night … to see how far we have come.”

Pyke said the Crows’ lofty perch this season evidenced they had learnt the lessons from that semi-final defeat.

“Where we are sitting reflects that we have (come a long way),” he said.

“Some of our performances during the year and our numbers would reflect we have tightened up in defensive stuff, our contested ball stuff has been of a really high standard for pretty much the whole season.

“I have no doubt we have improved. How far, I don’t know.”That is the unknown until you come up against quality opposition like Sydney.”

The Swans’ turnaround this season could be the stuff of legend: six straight losses to start, now sitting in fifth spot.

Sydney are the team no rival club wants to meet in September but a Crows win will likely end the top-four hopes of John Longmire’s side.

Pyke said the chance of putting a dent in the Swans won’t motivate Adelaide.

“It’s less about us doing something to their path to the finals, it’s more about us continuing to play the way we want to,” he said.

But Pyke was well aware of the confidence boost for Friday night’s victor ahead of a possible finals re-match.

“One thing you’re mindful of when you’re playing any sport, really, is the impression you leave with the opposition, in terms of how you want to play,” he said.

Crows versus Swans tale of the tape

ADELAIDE V SYDNEY TALE OF THE TAPE

* Adelaide 1st 15 wins 4 losses 1 draw 62pts 142.

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1%. Assured top-two slot.

* Sydney: 5th 12 wins 8 losses 48pts 123.7%. Top-four dream dashed with a loss.

* Overall head-to-head: Adelaide 23 wins 15 losses

* Swans have won five of past six

* Swans one win, one loss versus Crows at Adelaide Oval

* Crows the top-ranked attack, 113 points a game

* Swans the top-ranked defence, conceding 75.7 points a game

* Crows ranked first for contested possessions, Sydney fifth

FIVE KEY DUELS

* Daniel Talia (Adel) v Lance Franklin (Syd). The Swans superstar is a long-time tormentor with 51 goals in 16 career games against the Crows. Talia is among the best stoppers in the business but has been hampered lately by groin soreness.

* Josh Kennedy (Syd) v Hugh Greenwood (Adel). The Crows reckon they have got their own Kennedy in ex-basketballer Greenwood — they’re almost identical size and weight. Can the Crows apprentice shade the Swans master?

* Eddie Betts (Adel) v Nick Smith (Syd). The Swans defender has been able to keep Betts quiet frequently in the past. And the Crows goalsneak is in a bit of a trough, only eight majors in his past five games, including twice being kept goalless.

* Heath Grundy (Syd) v Taylor Walker (Adel). Adelaide’s captain has been growing in influence after a mid-season slump — he’s not only booted 48 goals but has a league-high 29 goal assists. Big job for the wily old Swan.

* Kurt Tippett (Syd) v 50,000 spectators (Adel). Oh boy. Do Crows fans still remember how Tippett walked out on Adelaide at the end of 2012 — and the ramifications. What’s the adjective for beyond hostile?

Government loses appeal to take phones from asylum seekers

The federal government has lost its appeal against a court ruling that allows immigration detainees to keep their mobile phones.

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The Federal Court threw out the appeal in Sydney on Thursday, upholding its injunction and preventing Immigration from seizing detainees’ phones.

After the decision, the National Justice Project’s principal solicitor George Newhouse said if the government was concerned about access to phones it should separate convicted criminals from other detainess.

“The blanket removal of phones is part of the process of criminalising asylum seekers and this government ongoing policy of punishment and cruelty towards them,” Mr Newhouse said.

“Peter Dutton claims that the use of mobile phones is linked to criminal behaviour but asylum seekers are not criminals. Mobile phones are a life line to the outside world that enables them to maintain their sanity and communicate with their families, thr loved ones, the community and their legal representatives.”

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Immigration Minister Dutton gave notice of the appeal in early April after the Federal Court granted an injunction in February to stop Australian Border Force guards from confiscating phones from all detainees.

Earlier this year, Mr Dutton told 2GB radio the population in Sydney’s Villawood detention centre had changed.

“We’ve dramatically increased the number of visa cancellations of outlaw motorcycle gang members and criminals,” he said.

“So the population within the detention centre now is predominantly people that have committed crimes, that are being deported because of the crimes that they’ve committed, and so we’re dealing with a more hardened population than what we had before.”

The Minister was approached for comment.

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Internet firms exile white supremacists

Silicon Valley has joined a swelling backlash against US neo-Nazi groups as more technology companies removed white supremacists from their services in response to the violence in Charlottesville, Virginia.

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Social media networks Twitter and LinkedIn, music service Spotify and security firm Cloudflare were on Wednesday among the companies cutting off services to hate groups or removing material they said spread hate.

Earlier in the week, Facebook, Google and GoDaddy also took steps to block hate groups.

The crackdown reflects a rapidly changing mindset in Silicon Valley on how much it is willing to police hate speech.

Tech companies have taken down violent propaganda from Islamic State and other militant groups but most have tried to steer clear of making judgments about content except in cases of illegal activity.

Cloudflare, which protects websites from denial-of-service attacks and hacking, dropped coverage of the neo-Nazi website Daily Stormer.

“I woke up this morning in a bad mood and decided to kick them off the internet,” Cloudflare founder and chief executive Matthew Prince said in an email to employees.

Daily Stormer helped organise the weekend rally in Charlottesville, where a 32-year-old woman was killed and 19 people were injured when a man ploughed a car into a crowd protesting against the white nationalist gathering.

Daily Stormer has been accessible only intermittently the past few days after domain providers GoDaddy and Google Domains said they would not serve the website.

Publisher Andrew Anglin said on a social network Gab his site would be back soon.

“The Cloudflare betrayal adds another layer of super complexity. But we got this,” he said.

Twitter suspended accounts linked to Daily Stormer.

Facebook, which unlike Twitter explicitly prohibits hate speech, took down several pages from Facebook and Instagram it said were associated with hate speech or hate organisations.